Gum disease begins with increased growth of bacteria in your mouth. How to avoid this growth To avoid gum disease, let’s talk about this below.
Gum health is not only an integral part of oral health, but is closely related to the safety of the whole body, as neglect in caring for it may lead to dire health consequences beyond its inflammation or tooth loss, and may lead to some chronic diseases, among which the most important are heart diseases and diabetes .
What is gum disease?
There are several common names for gum disease (Gum Disease) , the most important of which are periodontitis, periodontal disease, or gingivitis, which means gingivitis.
Gum disease begins with an increased growth of bacteria in your mouth, which causes inflammation of the tissue surrounding your teeth, which is known as gingivitis which, if not treated, may develop into periodontitis, and then it may lead to tooth loss, as a result of the destruction of the gums.
What is the difference between periodontitis and periodontitis?
Periodontitis is usually preceded by periodontitis, but this does not mean that all periodontal infections will necessarily develop into dental supports, especially if they are treated and treated early.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis begins with the formation of plaque bacteria inside the mouth, causing redness, swelling and bleeding during the periodontal cleaning, but despite this, the teeth at this stage remain firmly and firmly implanted in their bases.
- Periodontitis: when periodontitis leaves untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, and inflammation begins to loosen the teeth at the root. Plaque bacteria then begin to grow increasingly under the gum wall, so that they can deepen the dental pockets and destroy their bones and the surrounding gum tissue, ending up with a fall or a loss of teeth.
What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
Gum disease may begin and develop without feeling pain, but there are some signs that may be alarming, and you should draw your attention to the fact that you may need to visit your dentist, the most important of which are:
- Bleeding gums during and after brushing and brushing teeth.
- Redness and swelling of the gums.
- Bad breath or bitterness in the mouth.
- Gum drooping.
- Deep pockets between teeth and gums.
- Teeth placement or loss.
- Change in the shape of the tooth relay or the distance between them when biting.
- Change in position or position of prosthetic teeth.
Causes of gum disease
Plaque is the main cause of gum disease, but there are several factors that may increase the chances of infection, including:
- Hormonal changes: such as those that occur during puberty, pregnancy, or menstruation, or if it stops , if the gums become more sensitive, making them more susceptible to inflammation.
- Infection with some diseases, such as diseases that affect the body’s immune system, such as cancer and HIV. Also, diabetics are more likely to develop gum disease due to the defect caused by the disease in the blood sugar in general.
- Take some medications: There are some types of medicines that reduce saliva, or that cause abnormal growth of the gums.
- Smoking: Smoking of all types affects the gums negatively and reduces the effectiveness of treatment after an injury.
- Lack of interest in oral hygiene: Of course, not taking good care of the mouth and not brushing the toothpaste, paste, floss, and daily rinsing will negatively affect the health of the gums.
- Genetic factors: Genetics play a major role in increasing the chances of developing periodontal disease.
- The growth of germs in the mouth, which leads to accumulation and worsening of the gums.
How can you protect yourself from gum disease?
There are some habits that help prevent bacteria and, accordingly, periodontitis and periodontal disease, if the individual maintains them, the most prominent of which are:
- Use a mouthwash at least twice a day to get rid of germs and bacteria that expose you to gingivitis and teeth.
- Brushing, brushing, toothpaste, and rinsing the teeth at least twice daily.
- Flossing between the teeth with floss before bed, and cleaning the prosthetic teeth with brushing between the teeth daily.
- Quit smoking completely. Individuals who smoke only half a pack of cigarettes a day are three times more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers. And the proportion increases to six times more, if you smoke a box and a half or more.
- Eat a healthy diet that contains lots of vegetables, fruits, vegetable oils, nuts, fish, and omega-3 foods.
- Dental checks and cleaning them with the dentist periodically to discover bacteria and get rid of them early.
- Prompt treatment of periodontitis, as soon as the above mentioned early signs appear.
- Reduce stress, as stress reduces the ability of the immune system to fight bacteria.
- Avoid biting and rubbing the teeth, as this increases the chances of damage to the gum tissue due to the constant pressure on it.